Articles | Volume 62
19 Dec 2023
 | 19 Dec 2023

Optimization approaches for the design and operation of open-loop shallow geothermal systems

Smajil Halilovic, Fabian Böttcher, Kai Zosseder, and Thomas Hamacher

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Cited articles

Audet, C. and Hare, W.: Derivative-free and blackbox optimization, Springer, ISBN 978-3-319-68913-5,, 2017. a, b, c
Birge, J. R. and Louveaux, F.: Introduction to stochastic programming, Springer Science & Business Media, ISBN 978-1-4614-0237-4,, 2011. a
Blum, P., Menberg, K., Koch, F., Benz, S. A., Tissen, C., Hemmerle, H., and Bayer, P.: Is thermal use of groundwater a pollution?, J. Contam. Hydrol., 239, 103791,, 2021. a, b
Bonnans, J.-F., Gilbert, J. C., Lemaréchal, C., and Sagastizábal, C. A.: Numerical optimization: theoretical and practical aspects, Springer Science & Business Media, ISBN 978-3-540-35447-5,, 2006. a
Böttcher, F. and Zosseder, K.: Thermal influences on groundwater in urban environments – A multivariate statistical analysis of the subsurface heat island effect in Munich, Sci. Total Environ., 810, 152193,, 2021. a
Short summary
This study focuses on the optimization of open-loop shallow geothermal systems to improve their efficiency and sustainability. Different approaches to solve optimization problems in this field are explored, their strengths and limitations are highlighted, and recommendations are given for their use and future developments. The study can be a valuable basis for researchers and practitioners involved in the management and optimization of shallow geothermal systems.