Articles | Volume 53
Adv. Geosci., 53, 195–203, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/adgeo-53-195-2020
Adv. Geosci., 53, 195–203, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/adgeo-53-195-2020

  04 Sep 2020

04 Sep 2020

Progress and problems of gender equality in Japanese academics and geosciences

Rie S. Hori

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Latest update: 20 Sep 2021
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Short summary
A slow improvement in gender equality has occurred in Japan during the last 45 years. Only 16.7 % of academic staff in national universities were women in 2018. The percentage of female staff remains particularly low in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), accounting for 12.3 % in agriculture, 8.7 % in science, and 6.2 % in engineering. Japanese statistical data in academic and geoscience fields are described, with a discussion of possible causes such as unconscious bias.