Articles | Volume 53
04 Aug 2020
 | 04 Aug 2020

Reclaiming the memory of pioneer female geologists 1800–1929

Aude Vincent

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A hydrogeological conceptual model of aquifers in catchments headed by temperate glaciers
Aude Vincent, Clémence Daigre, Ophélie Fischer, Guðfinna Aðalgeirsdóttir, Sophie Violette, Jane Hart, Snævarr Guðmundsson, and Finnur Pálsson
EGUsphere,,, 2023
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Cited articles

American Museum of Natural History – Inge Lehmann: Discoverer of the Earth's Inner Core, available at:, last access: 2019. 
Anonymous: Caroline Birley, Geol. Mag., 4, 143–144, 1907. 
Anonymous: 16th meeting of the GEBCO Sub-Committee on Undersea Feature Names, International Hydrographic Bureau, Monaco, 2003. 
Anonymous: Pelageya Yakovlevna Polubarinova-Kochina (in commemoration of the 110th anniversary), Water Resour., 36, 610–611,, 2009. 
Aldrich, M.: Women in Paleontology in the United States 1840–1960, Earth Sci. Hist., 1.1, 14–22,, 1982. 
Short summary
Between 1800 and 1929, female earth scientists existed in significant numbers: 210 are presented here, including newly discovered hydrogeologist Norah Dowell Stearns. Gender discrimination made access to university difficult and access to scientific careers even harder. They found several ways to overcome these difficulties thanks to the support of their parents or to the more ambiguous support of husbands or academic male mentors, through staying single, and through teamwork with other women.