Coupling a distributed grid based hydrological model and MM5 meteorological model for flooding alert mapping
- Centro di Eccellenza CETEMPS, Università dell’Aquila, Italy
Abstract. The increased number of extreme rainfall events seems to be one of the common feature of climate change signal all over the world (Easterlin et al., 2000; Meehl et al., 2000). In the last few years a large number of floods caused by extreme meteorological events has been observed over the river basins of Mediterranean area and they mainly affected small basins (few hundreds until few thousands of square kilometres of drainage area) . A strategic goal of applied meteorology is now to try to predict with high spatial resolution the segments of drainage network where floods may occur. A possible way to reach this aim is the coupling of meteorological mesoscale model with high resolution hydrological model. In this work few case studies of observed floods in the Italian Mediterranean area will be presented. It is shown how a distributed hydrological model, using the precipitation fields predicted by MM5 meteorological model, is able to highlight the area where the major floods may occur.