Assimilation of reprocessed ERS scatterometer data into ECMWF weather analysis on the Mediterranean Sea
- 1Serco S.p.A., Via Sciadonna 24, 00044 Frascati (RM), Italy
- 2Directorate of Earth Observation – Earth Observation Ground Segment, Department ESA/ESRIN, Via G. Galilei, 00044 Frascati (RM), Italy
- 3ECMWF, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AX, UK
Abstract. Since the launch of ERS-1 in 1991 and ERS-2 in 1995, carrying a C-band Scatterometer, a data set of more than thirteen years of backscattered signal from the Earth surface is available for exploitation. With its global coverage, day or night and all-weather operation, ERS Scatterometer data offer unique opportunity for long-term studies and research. To fulfill the needs of the scientific community, the European Space Agency (ESA) has developed the project: Advanced Scatterometer Processing System (ASPS). Main scope of the project is to provide with state-of-the-art algorithm, high quality and homogenous Scatterometer measurements (sigma nought) of the Earth surface and high quality wind field over the Oceans by re-processing the entire ERS mission. Additional scope is to provide on experimental basis scientific products in high resolution tailored for the emerging Scatterometer application on Ice and Land. The ASPS project is now in a pre-operational phase and the scope of the paper is to give to the scientific community an overview of the ASPS data and show the assimilation of the data into the ECMWF weather analysis system. ASPS data hopefully will help the scientific community to better understand and monitor the Earth's climate changes and to protect our environment.