Estimation of convective precipitation: the meteorological radar versus an automatic rain gauge network
- Meteorological Hazards Analysis Team (GAMA), Department of Astronomy & Meteorology, Faculty of Physics, University of Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain
Abstract. The estimation of convective precipitation and its contribution to total precipitation is an important issue both in hydrometeorology and radio links. The greatest part of this kind of precipitation is related with high intensity values that can produce floods and/or damage and disturb radio propagation. This contribution proposes two approaches for the estimation of convective precipitation, using the β parameter that is related with the greater or lesser convective character of the precipitation event, and its time and space distribution throughout the entire series of the samples. The first approach was applied to 126 rain gauges of the Automatic System of Hydrologic Information of the Internal Basins of Catalonia (NE Spain). Data are series of 5-min rain rate, for the period 1996-2002, and a long series of 1-min rain rate starting in 1927. Rainfall events were classified according to this parameter. The second approach involved using information obtained by the meteorological radar located near Barcelona. A modified version of the SCIT method for the 3-D analysis and a combination of different methods for the 2-D analysis were applied. Convective rainfall charts and β charts were reported. Results obtained by the rain gauge network and by the radar were compared. The application of the β parameter to improve the rainfall regionalisation was demonstrated.