Integrated remote sensing techniques for the detection of buried archaeological adobe structures: preliminary results in Cahuachi (Peru)
- 1CNR-IBAM (Istituto per i Beni Archeologici e Monumentali), C.da S. Loja 85050 Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy
- 2CNR-IMAA (Istituto di Metodologie di Analisi Ambientale), C.da S. Loja 85050 Tito Scalo (PZ), Italy
- 3Centro de Estudios Arqueológicos Precolombinos (CEAP), Nasca, Peru
Abstract. This paper is focused on the jointly use of satellite Quickbird (QB) images and Ground Probing Radar (GPR) for assessing their capability in the detection of archaeological adobe structures (sun-dried earth material). Such detection is particularly complex. due to the low contrast generally existing between the archaeological features and the background. Two significant test areas were investigated in the Ceremonial Centre of Cahuachi (in the Nasca territory, Southern Peru) dating back to 6th century BC to 4th century AD.
Our results showed that both satellite and GPR data provided valuable indications for unearthing precious ancient remains. Our preliminary analyses pointed out that the integrated use of non destructive remote sensing techniques has high potentiality for its important scientific implications and for its significant contributions to cultural resource management.